Quarterly Journal Volume 51, Issue 3 November 2023

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The AIPLA Quarterly Journal, a publication of the American Intellectual Property Law Association, is housed at the George Washington University Law School and is edited and managed by an Editorial Board of intellectual property experts and a staff of law students under the direction of the Editor-in-Chief, Professor Joan Schaffner.

The Quarterly Journal is dedicated to presenting materials relating to intellectual property matters and is published four times per year. Editorial Board members (all of whom are lawyers) are selected based upon demonstrated interest and experience, and student staff members are selected from the students of the GWU Law School.
QJ 51.3 - State Anti-Troll Statutes at the Federal Circuit. or Not.

Paul R. Gugliuzza



The Federal Circuit recently received notices of appeal in two cases raising questions about the constitutionality of state statutes prohibiting bad faith assertions of patent infringement. The cases could give the Federal Circuit an opportunity to clarify whether, or to what extent, state “anti-troll” statutes can be used to police how owners of federal patents allege infringement. But, as this essay shows, it’s not clear the Federal Circuit will actually decide the cases on the merits, both because the appeals may be premature and because one of the appeals may belong in the Ninth Circuit, not the Federal Circuit. If the Federal Circuit does issue a ruling on the merits, it may be because the preemption and federalism issues raised by the cases are too interesting and important to let doubts about jurisdiction get in the way.

QJ 51.3 - Will Current Obviousness-Type Double Patenting Jurisprudence Discourage Use of the Patent System?

Maria A. DeCicco RePass



The judicially created doctrine of obviousness-type double patenting (“ODP”) aims to prevent improper timewise extension of a patent term by issuance of a second patent with claims that are not “patentably distinct” from the claims of the first patent, which would impermissibly extend the inventor’s limited monopoly. On its face, the basic rationale for the doctrine seems firmly grounded in principles of equity and fairness and in line with the long-standing bargain that is foundational to the patent system. But as with any judicially created doctrine, the application and applicability of ODP has evolved and expanded over time leading to both inconsistency and unpredictability. The purpose of the U.S. patent system, “[t]o promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts…,” is enshrined within the U.S. Constitution. It is therefore under that lens that any judicially made doctrine should be routinely evaluated to ensure that it is applied in furtherance of this purpose rather than to its detriment or in a way that creates unintended consequences. This note examines whether the modern application of, and jurisprudence concerning, the doctrine of ODP furthers the original goals of strengthening the U.S. patent system or if its application has deviated too far, leading to the opposite effect— creating a barrier to prospective inventors and discouraging use of the patent system in the US.

QJ 51.3 - NFTs From a U.S. And European Trademark Perspective: Uncertainties and How to Best Approach Them

Adrienne Hennemann




The digital economy is growing fast. While the notion metaverse is currently widely used, its concrete shape and use remains unclear. Non-Fungible Tokens (“NFTs”) are already on the market, but the real-world use remains to be seen. The legal world became interested in how NFTs, if at all, fit into the existing legal framework. This piece concludes that NFTs are here to stay but that it is unlikely that trademark laws will be amended to include NFTs. Rather, courts will apply traditional trademark law doctrines to NFTs. Certainty has increased when it comes to registration of NFTs. However, there remain numerous questions, particularly when it comes to potential counterarguments raised by third parties that are creating NFTs by using the trademarks of the trademark owner. Even if to date all court decisions were rendered in favor of the trademark owner, businesses should carefully define a strategy to increase the likelihood that their trademarks are also protected in the NFT context. This piece closes by providing a checklist for businesses on how to best protect their trademarks in the NFT context.


Knobbe Martens

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